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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 61-67

The psychological status investigation on the nursing staff in a 3A-level hospital during the prevalence of COVID-19 and the analysis of its influencing factors


1 School of Nursing, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, Gansu, China
2 Department of Liver Diseases, Lanzhou University Second Hospital, Lanzhou, Gansu, China
3 Department of EICU, Lanzhou University Second Hospital, Lanzhou, Gansu, China
4 School of Nursing, Lanzhou University; Department of Nursing, Lanzhou University Second Hospital, Lanzhou, Gansu, China

Correspondence Address:
Xin-Man Dou
Department of Nursing, Lanzhou University Second Hospital, No. 82, Cuiyingmen, Lanzhou 730030, Gansu
China
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jin.jin_25_20

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Objective: The objective of the study is to investigate the psychological status of nursing staff both working on nonfront line and on the front line during the epidemic period of COVID-19 and to analyze the influencing factors related to mental health state, as well as to provide targeted psychological intervening measures for nursing staff in the face of this major public health event. Methods: We used data from January 28, 2019, to February 08, 2020, on the number of cases who worked in the 3A-level hospital as nonfront-line nurses (n = 29, 54%) and those who worked in Wuhan infectious hospital as the front-line supporters (n = 25, 46%) came from the 3A-level hospital. The participants completed the symptom checklist 90, and the researchers recorded data on demographics, psychological status, and the influencing factors. Results: In our baseline scenario, we estimated that the total symptom index was 1.676 ± 0.654 for nurses who worked on the front line, 1.260 ± 0.304 for those who worked as the front-line reserve nurses, and was 1.486 ± 0.647 for those who worked as the nonfront-line nurses. The results of correlation analysis show that the factors related to the psychological status of nurses include age, professional title, marital status, and family support; different factors have different effects on psychological status. Conclusion: In the face of major public health emergencies, both front-line nursing staff and nonfront-line staff are confronted with different degrees of psychological stress, so effective psychological support should be given to improve the working efficiency and enthusiasm of nurses.


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